The world No.1 wasn't bragging
The largest and most prosperous city in the world
How many towns and legends does it hold?
Twice a month, traders from all over the world gather at the bazaar to sell their wares. From precious jewelry to exotic spices, you can buy everything you need.
In ancient China, the Fang market system arose in the turbulent Northern Wei Dynasty and flourished in the unified Sui and Tang dynasties. In the famous Mulan Ci, there is a description of Mulan buying horses and equipment in the east, west, south and north markets：
"A fair horse in the east, saddle in the west, bridle in the south, whip in the north."
“东市买骏马 西市买鞍鞯 南市买辔头 北市买长鞭”
Chang 'an City of Tang Dynasty adopts a checkerboard symmetrical layout, surrounded by square city walls. There are 14 streets in the east and west, and 11 streets in the north and south. The whole city is divided into 108 streets and two cities, East and west.
Bai Juyi, a poet in Tang Dynasty, once described the neat and uniform look of Chang 'an City in Tang Dynasty：
"Hundreds of homes like Weiqi, twelve streets like vegetable beds."
The living area of human fireworks
Chang 'an is prosperous and divided into many workshops. Each workshop has a wall, forming a closed and independent space. The wall is equipped with a gate, which is opened and closed when the square is fixed.
We often say "anecdotal" in the "Fang" is in this residential area, the street by the news.
There have always been different opinions about the number of Lifang in Chang 'an: 108, 109, 110, 120...
Academic circles believe that with the development of cities, the number of Lifang will inevitably change, and the change of the number of Lifang in Chang 'an City is caused by the increase or decrease of the number of Lifang in Dongcheng District.
Today's Xi 'an City, there are many places named after "Fang", Anren Fang Changle Fang Tong Ji Fang......
今日的西安城，还有很多地方以“坊”命名，安仁坊 长乐坊 通济坊......
Bai Juyi once lived in Yongchong Fang, Changle Fang, Xuanping Fang and Zhaoguo Fang successively.
Princess Taiping House has 5 houses, which are located in Hing Road Fang, Hing Ning Fang, Li Quan Fang, Zheng Ping Fang and Shang Shan Fang.
Wei Zheng once lived in Yongxing Fang...
A variety of trading venues
In addition to Fang, is "city". Chang 'an is divided into East City and West City. "City" is the largest commercial block and the main place for trading and buying in Chang 'an City.
Hit TV series "Tang Dynasty Paradoxical story record" - the east city more than officials dignitaries, the west city more than four seas travel Hu Shang live.
Purchases must be made in both the East and west cities. If you are unlucky enough to live in Anfong in the south of the city and want to go out for a soy sauce, it may take you more than an hour to walk to the East city.
Remember! There was a strict curfew in the Tang Dynasty. Those who did not return home by the prescribed time were punished by punishment, or even beheaded in serious cases.
"Buy things" allusion from the east city, west city, to the East city to buy, called buy east; Going to the west to buy is called buying the west, sometimes buying the east, sometimes buying the west. As time goes by, it becomes what we call buying things in our daily life.
The exploration of the ancient Chang 'an City
It was a fascinating journey
The intricate streets of Tang Chang 'an
Like an intriguing game of chess
Telling the brilliance of the Tang Dynasty for thousands of years
Picture: 《长安十二时辰》TV drama,VCG