Shaanxi taste of the New Year 陕西年,也是吃出来的!
Updated:2024-02-06 17:34   Source:INSIGHT SHAANXI   author:Fly Niu, Xueqing,Ian, An

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If reunion is the meaning of the New Year

如果说团聚是过年的意义

Then the New Year's Eve dinner is a concrete form of reunion

那么年夜饭便是团聚的具体形式

New Year's Eve sitting around a table

大年三十的晚上围坐一桌

Surrounded by your closest family

身边是最亲近的家人

The most familiar taste is in the mouth

嘴里是最熟悉的味道

Sanqin land has always been the strongest year

三秦大地上向来年味儿最浓

And about the New Year's dinner

而关于年夜饭

Shaanxi has its own speciality

老陕有自己的“拿手好菜”

Eat is the taste of the year, the product is the custom of the year

吃的是年的味道,品的是年的风俗

The flavor of the New Year comes from eating...

年味,是“吃”出来的……


Guanzhong

【关中】

Guanzhong is located in the central part of Shaanxi Province

关中位于陕西省中部地区

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Includes Xi 'an, Baoji, Xianyang, Weinan, Tongchuan, Yangling five cities and one district

包含了西安、宝鸡、咸阳、渭南、铜川、杨凌五市一区

Eight steamed bowls are their speciality

八大蒸碗是他们的拿手好菜

Meat, grains, and vegetables are salted or fried first

把肉类、谷类、蔬菜先进行腌制或炸制

Put it in a bowl and put it in a drawer

再装入碗中放上笼屉

After steaming, it is a "steaming bowl"

蒸熟后即为“蒸碗”

Guanzhong "steamed bowl" category is rich

关中“蒸碗”的品类丰富

Take Xi 'an as the center

以西安为中心

Every neighborhood has its own character

周边各地都有自己的特色

Generally the main are braised chicken, small crispy meat, steamed pork, eight treasures sweet rice and so on

一般主打的有黄焖鸡、小酥肉、粉蒸肉、八宝甜饭等

Extend some more

再扩展一些

There will also be braised belt fish, eight treasure chili, sauce elbow, sweet potato rice and so on

还会有红烧带鱼、八宝辣子、酱肘子、红苕甜饭等

Whether it is meat, vegetables, cereals, potatoes

无论是肉蔬、谷类、薯类

As long as it can stand the steam

只要能经得起大火汽蒸

Could be turned into a steaming bowl

就都有可能被做成“蒸碗”


Dumplings are the signature food of Chinese food

饺子作为中餐的标志性食物

There is no shortage of New Year's festivals

逢年过节定然是不能少的

Especially in Shaanxi Guanzhong area

尤其在陕西关中一带

The way to eat dumplings is richer and the taste is more varied

饺子的吃法更丰富、滋味更多变

There are many kinds of dumpling fillings

光说饺子馅儿就分很多种

Meat pigs, cattle and sheep are ready

荤的猪牛羊皆备

Vegetable lotus, celery, leek, fennel, radish, walnut, mushroom and so on

素的莲菜芹菜韭菜茴香萝卜核桃木耳香菇等等

Besides

除此之外

Unique practice of "sour soup dumplings", "oil spilled dumplings"

做法独特的“酸汤水饺”、“油泼饺子”

It is the "private delicious" of Guanzhong people

更是关中人的“私房美味”


Southern Shaanxi

【陕南】

Southern Shaanxi refers to the southern part of Shaanxi

陕南是指陕西南部地区

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Southern Shaanxi refers to the southern part of Shaanxi

包括汉中、安康、商洛三个地市

The New Year's Feast in southern Shaanxi always revolves around preserved meat and steamed meat

陕南年夜饭总是围绕着腊味、蒸肉展开的

Chinese New Year "steamed pot" !

过年“蒸盆子”哟!

It was originally a "pot of stew" made by a boatman walking the river

紫阳蒸盆子原本是河里走船的船夫打牙祭的“一锅烩”

I never thought that the days of the boatmen were getting better and better

不曾想,随着艄公们的日子越过越好

This one brings a chicken, and that one brings two pig feet

这个买只鸡来,那个带俩猪蹄

Dried mushrooms and fungus are also added

香菇木耳等干货也陆续加入

The lotus root at hand can not be less

随手可及的莲藕也不能少

The more things simmer

东西越炖越多

The way of eating was changed from a rough one-pot stew to a milder steaming

吃法也从粗暴的一锅炖改成了更温和细致的蒸

"Steamed pot" solidified into a waste of material, time and labor

“蒸盆子”就此固化为一道费料费时费工的大菜


Southern Shaanxi "New Year's Eve Dinner" can not live without "cured meat"

陕南“年夜饭”更离不了“腊肉”

Southern Shaanxi is the southern part of Shaanxi

陕南是陕西的南部

Although along with Shaanxi counts in the northwest of the administrative area

虽然跟着陕西算在行政大区域的西北

But in fact, the natural climate features should be counted in the southern category

但实际上自然气候特征应该算在南方的范畴

In particular, southern Shaanxi and Qinling Bashan are associated with each other

特别是陕南与秦岭巴山的相依相伴

You have almost everything you need to make cured meat

几乎有了制作腊肉的全部条件

So cured meat is abundant and high quality

所以腊肉盛产且优质

The cured meat in Shiping county of Ankang enjoys a national reputation

安康市镇坪县的腊肉享誉全国

Not only obtained the national Geographic indication certification trademark

不仅获得了国家地理标志证明商标

It is also a national Geographic indication protection product

还是国家地理标志保护产品


Northern Shaanxi

【陕北】

Northern Shaanxi lies in the central part of the Loess Plateau

陕北位于黄土高原的中心部分

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Including Yulin and Yan 'an

包括榆林市和延安市

The year in northern Shaanxi is always inseparable from eating

陕北的年,总是与吃密不可分

Just into the twelfth month, every family began to busy up

刚进腊月,家家户户就开始忙活起来

The greeting is "Is the rice cake steamed? Is the yellow bun cooked?"

见面的问候都是“年糕蒸了没有,黄馍馍做了没有?”

New Year's Eve dinner in northern Shaanxi must be without "oil cake"

陕北的年夜饭一定少不了“油糕”

Just like the song says

正如歌里唱的

“热腾腾的油糕,哎嗨哎嗨呦,热炕上坐,哎嗨哎嗨呦,滚滚的米酒捧给亲人喝,衣儿呦那么衣儿呦”

Oil cake hot kang rice wine is the annotation of happiness of people in northern Shaanxi

油糕热炕米酒是陕北人民对幸福的注解

Northern Shaanxi rice wine has a long history

陕北米酒历史悠久

In the Northern Song Dynasty, Fan Zhongyan served as deputy minister of Shaanxi economic strategy

北宋范仲淹曾任陕西经略副使

The poems he wrote

他所写《渔家傲》中两句

“浊酒一杯家万里,燕然未勒归无计。”

This liquor should be the southern Shaanxi rice wine

此中的浊酒当为陕南米酒

It is also called "sweet wine" and "thick wine" by the locals

也被当地人称作“甜酒”、“稠酒”

The wine is as yellow as millet

酒色如小米般金黄

The taste is sweet, warm and mellow, rich but not sticky

口感甜蜜温润、绵密醇厚,浓郁但不粘滞

This ancient method of making wine is filtered rather than distilled

这种古法酿酒是过滤而非蒸馏

So it's not very smooth

所以口感不是非常顺滑

But that's what's not going well

但正是这不顺滑

It makes you feel like you're drinking

才让人既有饮酒的感觉

The experience of eating porridge again

又多了食粥的体验


Stewed mutton is a favorite of people in northern Shaanxi

炖羊肉是陕北人民的心头好

Authentic mutton stew in northern Shaanxi

正宗陕北炖羊肉

It must have been the whole sheep chopped up into chunks, bones and meat

一定是全羊连骨头带肉剁成大块

A large pot of mutton simmered slowly

大锅羊肉慢火炖

Mutton stew with only seasoning and water to cover the meat

炖羊肉只放调料和漫过肉的水

No other auxiliary ingredients, especially no vegetables Local villagers like to hold up big bowls of lamb

不加其他辅助材料,尤其不能加蔬菜当地村民喜欢端起盛羊肉的大碗

Chomping on bones, chomping on meat, chomping on soup

大口啃骨头,大口吃肉,大口喝汤

Along with the dripping hot sweat, it expresses the comfort from inside to outside

伴随着酣畅淋漓的热汗抒发着从内到外的舒坦

This is the scene of the New Year in northern Shaanxi

这便是陕北过年的场景


A hundred miles of different wind, thousands of miles of different customs

百里不同风,千里不同俗

One soil breeds another characteristics

一方水土孕育一方特色

The annual customs of the land of three Qin are colorful

三秦大地的年俗绚丽多彩

Guanzhong, Southern Shaanxi, northern Shaanxi

关中、陕南、陕北

Three different styles of "New Year's Eve Dinner"

三种不同风格的“年夜饭”

Gather east, west, North, south, eat all the delicious world

荟聚东西南北,吃遍人间美味

The taste of the year, brewing in heavy fireworks gas

年的滋味,酝酿于重重烟火气中

This night is homesickness

这一晚是乡愁

This bowl, is homesickness

这一碗,更是乡愁


Picture: VCG, Yui, 当代陕西

Editor:Xueqing